Klimafreundliche Mobilität durch Förderung von Pedelecs
Lokale Langfristszenarien über die Wirkung von Instrumenten und Maßnahmen am Beispiel der Stadt Wuppertal
The diffusion of pedelecs (electric bicycles which require the rider to pedal in order to activate the motor) develops dynamically in Germany. Against this background, a high potential to contribute to climate protection is being attributed to pedelecs. Namely, this means of transport could be used on trips, for which the car is usually considered.
This study examines possibilities of pedelec promotion that aim at realising the full potential of pedelec usage and, thereby, contribute to climate friendly passenger transportation. Therefore, the study develops policies and measures, which foster the purchase and usage of pedelecs. Building upon this, the study quantifies the resulting effects for climate protection.
The study commences with constructing attitude-based mobility types and, based upon differenti-ated reasons to use a pedelec, defines their specific pedelec affinity. The study then analyses differ-ent life stages of individuals and households and their respective pedelec affinities. Thereafter, it explores policies and measures to foster purchase and usage of pedelecs, and develops factors influencing the modal behaviour of (potential) target groups.
The quantification of the climate protection effects is realised with two scenarios for the German City of Wuppertal. The first scenario assumes business as usual, and the second scenario assumes the introduction of ambitious policies and measures to encourage purchase and usage of pedelecs. The qualitative scenario assumptions are calculated by a quantitative model, which includes the analyses on attitude-based mobility types and on life stages’ respective pedelec affinities.
The results indicate that ambitious promotion of pedelecs significantly contributes to climate pro-tection. Compared to business as usual, ambitious promotion of pedelec purchase and usage reduces co2-emissions of passenger transport in Wuppertal by 11 per cent in 2050. A spatially inclusive and comprehensive 30 km/h speed limit proves to be particularly effective. In the scenario of ambitious promotion of pedelecs, policies and measures solely fostering the purchase of pedelecs significantly increase the modal share of pedelecs, whereas in a business as usual such efforts remain ineffective. The traditional bicycle profits from the promotion of pedelecs, but its increased usage does not bring about similar climate protection effects.
The results for the Wuppertal case allow general conclusions about the effectiveness of policies and measures fostering purchase and usage of pedelecs. Politicians, administration and (private) com-panies can utilise the results in order to determine their preferred way of realising their respective climate protection targets. By fostering the pedelec, local decision makers can pursue ambitious climate policy, irrespective of decisions from players from other levels, notably the automotive industry and the federal government.