Französische Planungsleitbilder für Straßenbahnsysteme im Vergleich zu Deutschland

Derivate 1044

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After World War II, nearly all urban tramway systems in France disappeared completely. But then, the tramways came back, beginning with Nantes in 1985, followed by Grenoble in 1987, Paris in 1992, Strasbourg and Rouen in 1994, Montpellier, Orléans and Lyon in 2000, Bordeaux in 2003 and finally Mulhouse and Valenciennes in 2006. Some more systems will open in the next few years. In this way, France can boast about a quarter of all world-wide new tramway systems since 1980. Nearly all French agglomerations will possess guided mass-transit systems in a few years. This development attracted much attention.

What were the reasons for this development? Obviously, general strategies for the urban transport planning in France have changed completely during the last twenty years. Were the only reasons for these changes, that the new tramway systems could attract more passengers than previous bus systems or that they brought economic advantages or are there more factors? In which way it was possible to convince the people and the local policy for tramways, a transport system, which was regarded as completely antiquated or as an anachronism before? Which importance has the fact that the construction of new French tramway routes in nearly all cases went hand in hand with revitalisation processes of urban structures? How work the structures for organisation und financing, which were necessary to realise the new tramway systems? To answer these questions, in the first two chapters of the thesis there is an extensive analysis of the basic conditions and structures of urban public transport in France and of the process of the re-integration of the new tramway systems in French cities.

The third chapter of the thesis contains a view to Germany. At first there is an analysis of the realisation of light rail and pré-metro-systems in various German agglomerations after World War II. This systems were started to build in the same time when most tramway systems in France were abolished. A main part of this analysis is the answer of the question, why the public transport systems in the bigger agglomerations of France and Germany developed in such a different way during the 1960s and 1970s. In the same context there is an analysis of the differences in planning and construction strategies of tramways and light rail systems in France and Germany and an analysis of how these differences have effects on the German guidelines for the planning of urban rail transportation systems. The main focus of this analysis is the difference of rapid rail or metro-like orientated guidelines in Germany versus the strategy of combination of urban and transport planning in France. In this context the thesis points out, that the planning process for light rail systems in Germany is even today affected from strategies, which seem to be no longer valid. With a look at the French strategies, there are suggestions for approaches to think principle German planning strategies over.

Chapter four summarizes the main results of the thesis.

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Wissenschaftliche Abschlussarbeiten » Dissertation
Fakultäten und Einrichtungen:
Fakultät für Architektur und Bauingenieurwesen » Bauingenieurwesen » Dissertationen
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600 Technik, Medizin, angewandte Wissenschaften » 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften » 620 Ingenieurwissenschaften und zugeordnete Tätigkeiten
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